Prevent Directory Listing using .htaccess

What is directory listing ?

As we know, most of the website contains “images” folder inside the root folder. If we type “www.somesite.com/images” in the browser and it shows the listing of the files in the browser like the picture below which means that directory listing is allowed on that web server. It’s better not to show the files inside the directory of the web sever for the security purpose.

Hide .php extension with url rewriting using .htaccess

Last time I’ve written an article about hiding php file extension where I’ve showed you how you can use .html or .asp extension of file instead of .php extension. But there was one flaw in that technique you have had to change the file extension explicitly but in this post I’m going to show you how to rewrite the URL instead of renaming the file extension Using this technique you will see product.html in the address bar of the browser but the actual file name remains product.php and you don’t need to rename the file extension. Furthermore you can rewrite the URL like product.php?id=5 to product-5.html.

Uploading large(big) files in PHP using .htaccess

I’ve seen that many of my friends are struggling with the uploads of the bigger or larger files in PHP. After looking at their struggle, i’m here to solve the problem of uploading larger or bigger files in PHP.

Most of the web servers are configured such a way that a user can only upload the maximum file size of 2MB. So there might be the problem for the people who wants to upload the .pdf file of size around 15MB. But, you can increse the maximum upload file size limit by using .htaccess file.

Hiding PHP file extension

Do you want to hide your web site’s server script identity ? If you don’t want to reveal the programming language ( server side script ) of your website to visitors of website so that any hacker or spammer will not be able to intrude or inject any code in your website.

Here is a small technique for you, you can use .html or .asp file to work as a php file i.e. use .asp or .html extension instead of .php. You just need to create a .htaccess file and put the following code in the .htaccess file. Remember that the .htaccess file should be placed in the root folder of your website.

301 redirect in PHP and .htaccess

What is 301 redirect ?

You have a website and its all pages are ranked in the search engine. And now you’ve moved these files to a new domain. What will happen in this scenario!!. You are sending the visitor to “Error 404 – File not found” page when they follow your website in the search engine. Furthermore, if you place the custom error page, then also you will be keep loosing ranking in upcoming days in search engines as the original file could not be found in the old URL. So what is the solution for this?? The solution is 301 redirect which means moved permanently. It is is the most efficient and search engine as well as visitor friendly method for the webpage redirection.